How are weather forecasts made?
UK will spend £1.2 billion ($ 1.6 billion) to acquire the world’s most powerful supercomputer for forecasting weather conditions.
According to the government’s announcement, it will be able to create regional forecasts with an accuracy of individual streets or sections of 1 km2, which is 10 times better than the current one. This will be possible due to the fact that the new supercomputer will actually create a virtual copy of the earth’s atmosphere, taking into account wind speed, temperature, pressure and other indicators..
In addition to forecasting the weather, it will help emergency services proactively set flood barriers, optimize grid performance and mitigate the negative effects of climate change. In parallel, its computing power will also be used by scientists to develop new drugs, artificial intelligence systems and all kinds of other research..
So far, the UK government has not announced which supercomputer will be installed, but it is scheduled to go into operation in 2022. Three years after launch, an update should take place that will increase its performance threefold, making it 20 times more powerful.
Computer technology offers many opportunities, not only direct but also indirect. For example, scientists recently used existing submarine fiber optic cables as seismographs to collect data on the tectonic activity of the planet.
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: netinfo