Exactly 57 years ago, the whole world watched with indescribable excitement how history was being made before their eyes. On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first person to fly into space. Since then, this day has been considered a kind of starting point, relying on which humanity continues to move forward. — to the conquest of space. And we propose to look back to see the achievements that have been able to move humanity further over the past year..
What have we achieved this year
Russia’s space power status has come under heavy attack. The main culprit was the notorious Elon Musk. Under his leadership, Space X landed the first stage on a platform in the Pacific after the Falcon 9 v1.2 rocket took off. The phenomenon of this event lies in the possibility of significant savings (it’s no secret that the production of such equipment is extremely costly) — about 30% of the total cost of the media. This opens up new opportunities in the field of flying. After this event, which happened in 2016, Space X continues to maintain its status of a leader, the technology of which is unmatched..
In 2018 (on the night of February 6-7), a Tesla Roadster was sent into space thanks to the Falcon Heavy launch vehicle. According to Elon Musk himself, the launch became a test one. As a result, the company managed to kill two birds with one stone:
- create great advertising for the Tesla brand;
- confirm the status of the leader of the space field.
Many scientists involved in the development of spacecraft took this launch as a mockery, which, however, went for the good. Space X’s success shook up the industry, driving growth.
Today Space X is working on the Big Falcon Rocket, which, according to the developers, could be the next step in the exploration of Mars. In the photo posted on Musk’s official Instagram, users were presented with one of the main body parts of the Big Falcon Rocket..
Tesla Standing Alongside Demonstrates Scale.
Our answer to Elon Musk
Falcon 9 and other inventions pushed, probably, and «Roscosmos» to your new steps. So, if previously the dominant part of the market was served by domestic carriers «Proton», then today its value is dragged from the leadership position. Now, in addition to modifications, analogs of the rocket are being actively developed, the stages of which will be able to return to Earth. Work in progress on the media class «Angara-1.2». If Space X has achieved that the stages return thanks to the thrust of their own engines, they intend to develop wings for the domestic analogue. This development is based on the possibility of returning steps by type «aircraft».
More positive news from RKK «Energy» — the manufacturer of the rocket on which Yuri Gagarin entered low-earth orbit. The organization presented a new development — carrier «Soyuz-5». The readiness of the device and the first launch are scheduled for 2022. It is noteworthy that the launch of the carrier by current standards will require about $ 56 million against the current SpaceX requests in the amount of $ 62 million.
Another new step for the domestic rocketry will be the implementation of the project «Crown». In the light of recent events, the emphasis has been placed on reusability. As a solution, it was proposed to implement a single-stage design, which, according to the idea of specialists, will be able to return entirely to Earth. It is noteworthy that during the calculations, a feature was revealed — to fully service the device immediately after landing, it will take only a day, after which «Crown» will be able to start the next mission. According to the developers, their invention may become the first spacecraft capable of soft landing, which will significantly advance in the field of interplanetary flights..
Space shipbuilding and new technologies
The prospect of blockchain technologies also could not go unnoticed by specialists in the space field. So, at the beginning of 2018, it became known that NASA had made a decision to issue a grant in the amount of $ 300 thousand to study the possibilities of using distributed ledger technology. According to preliminary calculations, blockchain can become the key to improving the following points:
- quality and speed of data transfer;
- processing and storage of information;
- enhance the efficiency of the equipment, as well as the ability to control it.
Joe Rogan Experience #1470 – Elon Musk
It turns out that thanks to the blockchain, humanity has received a powerful impetus to development in the space industry. Who knows, perhaps this step will become fundamental for our future..
So, it is likely that in the near future, interplanetary travel may become a reality, and the colonies on Mars — spare «airfield» for our civilization. And even if today it sounds somewhat ridiculous and futuristic, do not forget that it is thanks to fantasy and the desire to embody sometimes unrealistic ideas that today we have the opportunity to see the world outside our planet..
Text: Evgeniya Likhodey