By 2050, the impact of artificial intelligence on design and construction will be felt in all aspects of our daily life. This is because the world is facing a number of pressing and complex challenges, and this technology has the potential to elegantly address them and create a comfortable and livable future..
Infrastructure and data analysis
AI and the Internet of Things are gradually changing our world, influencing society as a whole. More and more intelligent systems are being integrated into the urban infrastructure, which over time begin to determine our way and rhythm of life. Soon, various microsensors will monitor air quality, noise pollution, air pollution levels, as well as the efficiency of all kinds of urban processes..
What is Artificial Intelligence? In 5 minutes.
Currently, 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and this figure will increase to 70% by 2050. By this time, urbanization is projected to increase the urban population by an additional 2.5 billion. In such conditions, artificial intelligence will also track how we move around the city, work and play. In 30 years we will have completely new versions of these modalities..
The construction industry is one of the most challenging sectors for artificial intelligence. According to forecasts of the transnational infrastructure company Balfour Beatty, by 2050 robots will begin to operate in teams, creating complex structures using new dynamic materials, and individual elements of the structures will become self-assembled..
During their work, drones will fly from above, scanning the site and sending instructions to robotic cranes, excavators and automated construction workers. As a result, the whole process will take place without the physical participation of a person, whose role will change from a developer to a controller who manages everything remotely..
Even if the direct presence of people on the construction site is required, they will use robotic exoskeletons and neural control systems to move, control mechanisms and robots on site. Ultimately, this will minimize the potential risks of injury..
However, due to full automation, we may start to lose signs «human hand» and tactile qualities in construction.
Large-scale transformations are already taking place in the transport sector. In addition to changing fuel priorities, ground and air transit, its regulation and structure are being rethought. Public transport is becoming more user-centric.
If you look at the evolution of transport over the past 200 years, innovations break the status quo about every 50–70 years old. This can be clearly seen in the example of the transition from ships and trains to cars and airplanes. Innovation inevitably changes the way we transit, travel and trade over time.
Today, companies are already working on projects for a vacuum train (Hyperloop) and a planetary transport network that will allow us to get to any current of the Earth within an hour .. At the same time, other inventors are aiming to take us into the sky to design and develop air taxi centers around the world..
These ideas can radically change the infrastructure, the way of communication and global interaction. However, the design of such systems, their functioning and associated communications is a very complex process, therefore, AI is increasingly used to solve various problems in the process of developing the transport of the future..
According to researchers’ forecasts, due to the development of automation and robotization, in 20 years, 50% of all work performed by humans now will be done by robots. Moreover, not only people involved in manual labor will be replaced, but also many office clerks..
Professions that require a high level of creativity (designers, architects) and interaction with people (doctors, teachers), or have a low percentage of repetitive actions (mechanics, doctors), are most difficult for a machine. Therefore, they will be replaced last, or they will remain exclusively «human».
However, instead of the abolished professions, there will appear new ones related to the monitoring, coordination and control of intelligent systems..
Artificial intelligence algorithms will play a key role in this transformation, allowing us to produce many more goods and services at a lower cost. It is possible that by 2050 they will already surpass humans, and will be able to do most of the work. This raises various existential questions, including the need to maintain an unconditional basic income..