Medicine is developing at a rapid pace, resulting in effective methods of combating previously incurable diseases. New technologies used in healthcare play an important role in this process..
Almost 90% of patients with asthma use inhalers. However, studies show that only 50% of patients can actually control their illness with this device. Others use the inhaler incorrectly for various reasons: they forget about the time of admission, confuse the doses or the number of doses.
The Realities of Gene Editing with CRISPR I NOVA I PBS
Smart inhalers with Bluetooth support were developed just for such patients and consist of two parts: a device for collecting information and, in fact, an inhaler. The digital part records the date and time of taking each dose and the correctness of its administration. The information is then sent to the patients’ smartphones to monitor their condition. As a result of clinical trials, it turned out that the use of an intelligent analogue significantly saves drugs..
Robotic Surgery and VR
The precision, control and flexibility of invasive procedures are enhanced by robotic surgeons. A robot performing an operation does not mean that it is performing the entire process. In most cases, the robot is used in the most complex procedures that a person cannot cope with or risks making mistakes. The improvement of technology leads to the fact that VR / AR will be used in the future for the purpose of viewing additional important information about the patient in real time or performing operations remotely.
VR technology will become an indispensable tool for medical students who can get closer to the real experience of performing operations, examining patients or studying human anatomy. In addition, VR devices help patients prepare for the complex procedures they will face..
Biodegradable electronics was created with the purpose of reading information by sensors directly from living human cells without the need for their further removal. Such a device helps doctors measure the temperature and pressure of the brain, check the data of blood vessels, etc..
3D printing of implants, joints and bones is not new for a long time – now it is already a full-fledged trend. The advantage of these prostheses is that they are custom made with millimeter precision, providing patients with the highest level of comfort and mobility. In addition, 3D printing is successfully used in the pharmaceutical industry to create tablets with different active ingredients..
The first steps in bioprinting were aimed at restoring the skin in severe burns, but later this technology was overgrown with new possibilities. Scientists have developed a way to create blood vessels, pancreas, or even synthetic ovaries. Artificial organs are endowed with the function of further growth in the patient’s body, just like ordinary organs. To do this, scientists have found a way to feed bioprinted organs from the body’s immune system..
Bracelets for monitoring the state of the body
In recent years, the number of devices that track body metrics has grown significantly. This includes smartphones with an accelerometer to read the number of steps, wristbands to measure heart rate and distance traveled, stickers to measure blood sugar levels, applications for compiling a cardiogram, even smart underwear that reads skin sweating has appeared..
The development of these technologies has been triggered by an increase in the number of chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. To effectively combat them, it is necessary to monitor individual indicators around the clock and such devices do a good job with this task..
Wearable device market is expected to surpass $ 67 million by 2024.
Medical technology is becoming more and more individual for individual patients. Precision medicine empowers doctors to choose drugs and treatments for diseases based on human DNA. Personalized drugs are more effective for a particular patient because they target the disease based on the patient’s specific genes and proteins. This method is especially effective in the fight against cancer, as it causes gene mutations..
Precision medicine is also used in the fight against rheumatoid arthritis, in the treatment of which it is necessary to influence the genes vulnerable to the disease in order to weaken it and reduce damage to the joints..
The number of people who do not go to the hospital because of shyness, their own beliefs or rumors about bad doctors is very large. There are times when it is not possible to make an appointment with your own doctor for several weeks or even a month, sometimes the doctor’s advice is urgently needed, and the ambulance is not able to arrive on time. In such situations, the patient can be helped out by telemedicine. – underdeveloped technology gaining popularity.
You can get telemedicine assistance through a smartphone or laptop, without waiting for a live consultation. For this, special applications are developed, and private clinics are connected to them. Doctors of telemedicine clinics allocate separate hours when they can provide online consultations.
The global telemedicine market is expected to exceed $ 113.1 billion in 5 years.
CRISPR, a leading gene editing technology, works by harnessing the natural mechanisms of the immune system capable of «cut out» infected DNA strands. Groundbreaking technology has the potential to cure the most serious diseases like cancer, HIV or genetic diseases.
The gene editing tool sparked a major scandal in 2018 dubbed «CRISPR kids». The resonance was due to the fact that the scientist who programmed the gene editing for two children did it without proper permission..